In her CMFA working paper, Carola Binder discusses a new approach for understanding why central bankers are pressured—by both politicians and the public—to deviate from their mandates. Further, Binder argues that this new approach “strengthens the case for limiting monetary policymakers’ discretion by implementing rule-based monetary policy.”…

By the start of 1937, things were looking up for the U.S. economy. Although the Supreme Court had struck down both the NIRA and the AAA—the chief pillars of the original New Deal's recovery plan—some time earlier, like a glider released by its tow plane, the recovery…

Average inflation targeting or inflation catchup?

Although dedicated Fed watchers long saw it coming, the big news from Jackson Hole is that the Fed now has a new monetary policy strategy—the crowning achievement of the much-ballyhooed review of its "Strategy, Tools, and Communications" it launched in early 2019. It's called "average inflation targeting,"…

Under the  Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, Congress appropriated $454 billion to the Treasury’s Exchange Stabilization Fund (ESF) to backstop emergency lending facilities known as “special purpose vehicles” (SPVs).[1]  With the Treasury backstop, the Fed has the potential to lend a maximum of $4.5…