Today, when we speak of ways to fight recessions, two options inevitably take pride of place: expansionary Fed policy (meaning lower interest rates or more asset purchases or both) and expansionary fiscal policy (more government spending or lower taxes or both). But if you've been keeping up…

Under the ¬†Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, Congress appropriated $454 billion to the Treasury's Exchange Stabilization Fund (ESF) to backstop emergency lending facilities known as "special purpose vehicles" (SPVs).[1]¬† With the Treasury backstop, the Fed has the potential to lend a maximum of $4.5…

Vice Chair Clarida holds the Cato Journal

Cato's Annual Monetary Conference last November hosted a "shadow review" of the Federal Reserve's own self-review, dedicated to examining "whether the U.S. monetary policy framework can be improved to meet future challenges." The articles in the spring/summer 2020 issue of the Cato Journal, drawn from that conference,…

Should the U.S. government create a digital dollar?

Proposals for "central bank digital currency" (CBDC) come in two basic types: account-based and token-based. I have been critical of proposals for an account-based system. Until recently, there didn't seem to be much active interest in a token-based system. But now comes a significant token-based proposal in…