Euro, Eurozone, Italy, fiscal money, European Central Bank

The Italian general elections of March 4, 2018 have produced an improbable coalition government between two upstart populist parties: left-Eurosceptic-nationalist Movimento 5 Stelle (Five Star Movement) and the right-Eurosceptic-nationalist Lega (League). The coalition partners agree on greater public spending and, at the same time, on tax cuts…

Austrian Business Cycle Theory, banking theory, central banks, fractional reserve banking, money supply

Several times on these pages (e.g., here and here), and elsewhere (e.g., here and here) I've tried to refute the claim, championed by certain Austrian-school economists and their many fans, that fractional-reserve banking is inherently fraudulent, because whenever the sum of readily-redeemable bank deposit balances and (when…