Fed, repos, Treasury, Interest on excess reserves, standing repo facility,

"You’ve always had the power to go back to Kansas.” –the Good Witch of the East, to Dorothy, in The Wizard of Oz. (This is the conclusion of a two-part essay. For Part 1 click here.) Equipped with some historical background, we can now consider ways in…

excess reserves, fed, fed balance sheet, repos, bank reserves

"The FOMC should forget about r* for the moment and focus on … the supermassive black hole at the center of global dollar funding markets."–Zoltan Poszar, 21 August, 2019. A few weeks ago, as part of its effort to prevent overnight rates from rising above the Fed's…

consumer credit, consumer loans, financial inclusion, payday lending, student loans

On October 21, I had the pleasure to give the research keynote address at the annual conference of the Financial Services Centers of America (FiSCA) in Miami. Below are my remarks, in which I critique some policymakers' attempts to promote financial inclusion by restricting consumer choice and…

CFPB, consumer loans, financial regulation, mortgage finance mortgage, Fannie Mae

Last week was a significant one for housing finance policy, as the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau gathered input on how to reform the underwriting rules that mortgage lenders must follow. With $15 trillion of mortgage debt outstanding, this is a subject of great economic significance for the…

Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Housing, Government Bailout, Reform

Earlier this month, the Department of the Treasury released its long-awaited housing finance reform plan, which focused mainly on the two government-sponsored enterprises, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The feds took both GSEs over in 2008, when rising defaults jeopardized their viability. The blueprint’s release date was…