average inflation targeting: a semi-Wicksellian effort

On August 27, the FOMC announced a new “Statement on Longer-Run Goals and Monetary Policy Strategy,” in which it replaced its earlier Taylor Rule strategy for controlling inflation with what might be called a "Semi-Wicksell Rule." Fed Chair Jerome Powell elaborated on the statement in a speech…

Milton Friedman, optimum quantity of money, interest on excess reserves, interest on reserves, monetary base

Fed economists defending interest on reserves have recently called on an unexpected quarter by reviving interest in Milton Friedman’s 1969 essay, “The Optimum Quantity of Money.”[1] As Ben Bernanke and Don Kohn put it, “Before the Fed paid interest on reserves, banks engaged in wasteful and inefficient…