Oil pump jacks at sunset sky background. Toned.

Ever since Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell described cyclical or COVID-related elements of inflation as "transitory" (an ambiguous phrase now retired), critics repeatedly seized on year-to-year changes in price indexes as evidence that inflation was instead accelerating every month. As I have noted before, however, the stubborn…

Starting with the April 2021 release, virtually every monthly Consumer Price Index (CPI) report has indicated some form of abnormally high inflation. For instance, the April CPI rose 4.2 percent over the previous 12 months, the largest year-to-year increase since the period ending September 2008. Similarly, the…

Bank note

I've often drawn attention here to the virtues of the Canadian banking system, especially as it was between the passage of Canada's first Bank Act in 1871 and the establishment of the Bank of Canada in 1935. After the Scottish banking system that flourished between 1716 and…

Hyperinflation

"The fateful errors of popular monetary doctrines which have led astray the monetary policies of almost all governments would hardly have come into existence if many economists had not themselves committed blunders in dealing with monetary issues and did not stubbornly cling to them." —Ludwig von Mises,…

Bitcoin

Many economists acknowledge that ordinary private goods and services need to “pass the market test”—generate revenue in excess of expenses—to show that consumers’ benefits (revealed by a willingness to pay) exceed producers’ outlays. But they make an exception when it comes to monetary instruments and payment systems….